Krishna switches from philosophical to moral angle - Bhagavad Gita 2.30-2.31 <?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-comffice:smarttags" /><st1lace></st1lace> <st1lace>Krishna</st1lace> next goes on to complete his first level of argument, based on philosophical angle. The following verse brings to an end the intellectual description of the two aspects of life, the ever-changing and the never-changing. Daehee nithyamavadhyO(a)yam daehae sarvasya bhaaratha ThasmaathsarvaaNi bhoothani, na thvam s(h)Ochithumarhasi 2.30 Oh Arjuna! This self, present in everybody, is ever indestructible. Therefore, you should not grieve for the sake of any being. Sadness does not depend on what you have or do not have. It is a particular way of thinking. Sorrow is something centred on oneself and this topic is the subject matter of the Gita. Thus, there is the refrain: “you should not grieve” (na thvam s(h)Ochithumarhasi ). This is the conclusion of all that has been said by the Lord from the eleventh verse onwards. Next <st1lace>Krishna</st1lace> introduces the moral or dharmic or ethical angle. The following verse begins the argument on the level of duty. This is to deepen the understanding of life after the absolute and relative aspects of existence have been made clear. Svadharmamapi chaavaekshya, na vikampithumarhasi Dharmyaddhi yuddhaachchraeyOnyath kshathriyasya na vidyathae 2.31 Moreover considering your own duty also, you should not waver. Because for a warrior, nothing is greater than a righteous war. Now <st1lace>Krishna</st1lace> talks about svadharma, what is right, what is to be done. This was a natural outcome of Arjuna’s earlier and numerous comments on dharma. He had said that war will create confusion for which he would be the cause ! <st1lace>Krishna</st1lace> says that Arjuna is a soldier, Kshathriya And His svadharma is to fight. Secondly, he was a crown prince which meant that he was supposed to protect dharma, along with his brothers. His dharma was to administer and protect his kingdom. Therefore, Arjuna ought not to waver or hesitate about what he had to do. (Svadharmamapi chaavaekshya, na vikampithumarhasi). <st1lace>Krishna</st1lace> says, this was a dharma-yuddha to establish dharma. There was no room, on Arjuna’s part for lamentation or hesitancy.