This is the third and final stage of Bhakti Yoga. After practising karma yoga and upasana yoga, our introspection becomes more serious. Man questions the very purpose of life and he starts asking himself whether he is really interested in dependence or independence. This urge is the first step to freedom or moksha. Now he sets about to discover it. He reads from scriptures or meets people who have learnt them. He believes the truth revealed by the scriptures that security and happiness cannot be got from outside world. They also reveal, they are his very nature ! So he need not search for them outside. His very nature is independence. Due to ignorance, he has disowned his very nature, taking himself for granted ! Without making an enquiry into the basic nature, he has concluded that he miserably depends on external world for happiness. Hence he realises, now he needs knowledge ! So from a seeker of freedom ( mumukshu), he turns a seeker of knowledge ( jijnasu). Thus mumuksu realizes that his problem is Self-ignorance. He seeks Self-knowledge. Means of any knowledge are called Pramanams. Primary pramanam is direct perception. Secondary pramanam is analysis of direct perception. But they are useful to study the world and not oneself. They are for the search of an object ( world) and not for the study of the subject (Self). Only the scriptural teachings can help one realise his true nature. When I want to see my eyes, I look into a mirror. There is no other way ! Similarly I must use Vedanta ( end portion of the veda) as a verbal mirror to see my real nature. This is called Sastra-pramanam. Now, in the next part, we will learn more about knowledge from a Guru. Love, Chithra.