source : http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid_safe/emergencies/cpr.html CPR - CardioPulmonary Resuscitation Every parent should know how and when to administer CPR. When performed correctly, CPR can save a child's life by restoring breathing and circulation until advanced life support can be given by medical care providers. What Is CPR? CPR is a combination of rescue breathing (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation) and chest compressions. If a child isn't breathing or circulating blood adequately, CPR can restore circulation of oxygen-rich blood to the brain. Without oxygen, permanent brain damage or death can occur in less than 8 minutes. CPR may be necessary for children during many different emergencies, including accidents, near drowning, suffocation, poisoning, smoke inhalation, electrocution injuries, and suspected sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Reading about CPR and learning when it's needed will give you a basic understanding of the procedure, but it's strongly recommended that you learn how to perform CPR by taking a course. If CPR is needed, using the correct technique will give your child the best chance of recovery.