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Worlds Down Syndrome Day!!!

Discussion in 'Miscellaneous in Parenting' started by Swethasri, Mar 22, 2015.

  1. Swethasri

    Swethasri Platinum IL'ite

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    Please move this thread to an appropriate place. Thanks!

    Here is My BOY!! IMG_20131230_175220_906.jpg

    In every cell in the human body there is a nucleus, where genetic material is stored in genes. Genes carry the codes responsible for all of our inherited traits and are grouped along rod-like structures called chromosomes. Typically, the nucleus of each cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, half of which are inherited from each parent. Down syndrome occurs when an individual has a full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21.
    This additional genetic material alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome. A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are low muscle tone, small stature, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm - although each person with Down syndrome is a unique individual and may possess these characteristics to different degrees, or not at all.


    For centuries, people with Down syndrome have been alluded to in art, literature and science. It wasn’t until the late nineteenth century, however, that John Langdon Down, an English physician, published an accurate description of a person with Down syndrome. It was this scholarly work, published in 1866, that earned Down the recognition as the “father” of the syndrome. Although other people had previously recognized the characteristics of the syndrome, it was Down who described the condition as a distinct and separate entity.
    In recent history, advances in medicine and science have enabled researchers to investigate the characteristics of people with Down syndrome. In 1959, the French physician Jérôme Lejeune identified Down syndrome as a chromosomal condition. Instead of the usual 46 chromosomes present in each cell, Lejeune observed 47 in the cells of individuals with Down syndrome. It was later determined that an extra partial or whole copy of chromosome 21 results in the characteristics associated with Down syndrome. In the year 2000, an international team of scientists successfully identified and catalogued each of the approximately 329 genes on chromosome 21. This accomplishment opened the door to great advances in Down syndrome research.


    What Causes Down Syndrome?

    Regardless of the type of Down syndrome a person may have, all people with Down syndrome have an extra, critical portion of chromosome 21 present in all or some of their cells. This additional genetic material alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome.
    The cause of nondisjunction is currently unknown, but research has shown that it increases in frequency as a woman ages. However, due to higher birth rates in younger women, 80% of children with Down syndrome are born to women under 35 years of age.
    There is no definitive scientific research that indicates that Down syndrome is caused by environmental factors or the parents' activities before or during pregnancy.
    The additional partial or full copy of the 21st chromosome which causes Down syndrome can originate from either the father or the mother. Approximately 5% of the cases have been traced to the father.


    Will continue with more info laters.. Keep smiling!
     
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  2. Laks09

    Laks09 Moderator Staff Member IL Hall of Fame

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    @swethasri - Your son is adorable. Lots of hugs and love to him. Thanks for this thread. I think it's very informative.
     
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  3. Swethasri

    Swethasri Platinum IL'ite

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    Are There Different Types of Down Syndrome?

    There are three types of Down syndrome: trisomy 21 (nondisjunction), translocation and mosaicism.
    TRISOMY 21 (NONDISJUNCTION)

    Down syndrome is usually caused by an error in cell division called "nondisjunction." Nondisjunction results in an embryo with three copies of chromosome 21 instead of the usual two. Prior to or at conception, a pair of 21st chromosomes in either the sperm or the egg fails to separate. As the embryo develops, the extra chromosome is replicated in every cell of the body. This type of Down syndrome, which accounts for 95% of cases, is called trisomy 21.
    [​IMG]
    TYPICAL CELL DIVISION


    [​IMG]

    TRISOMY 21 (NONDISJUNCTION) CELL DIVISION
     
  4. Swethasri

    Swethasri Platinum IL'ite

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    Thanks dear!

     
  5. Swethasri

    Swethasri Platinum IL'ite

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    [h=3]MOSAICISM [/h]Mosaicism occurs when nondisjunction of chromosome 21 takes place in one - but not all - of the initial cell divisions after fertilization. When this occurs, there is a mixture of two types of cells, some containing the usual 46 chromosomes and others containing 47. Those cells with 47 chromosomes contain an extra chromosome 21.
    Mosaicism accounts for about 1% of all cases of Down syndrome. Research has indicated that individuals with mosaic Down syndrome may have fewer characteristics of Down syndrome than those with other types of Down syndrome. However, broad generalizations are not possible due to the wide range of abilities people with Down syndrome possess.
    [h=4][​IMG][/h][h=4]MOSAIC CELL DIVISION[/h]
     
  6. Swethasri

    Swethasri Platinum IL'ite

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    [h=3]TRANSLOCATION [/h]Translocation accounts for about 4% of all cases of Down syndrome. In translocation, part of chromosome 21 breaks off during cell division and attaches to another chromosome, typically chromosome 14. While the total number of chromosomes in the cells remain 46, the presence of an extra part of chromosome 21 causes the characteristics of Down syndrome.
     
  7. VanithaSudhir

    VanithaSudhir Platinum IL'ite

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    @Swethasri.. Suppppeeeerrrra.. erukkan kutti... Enna peru ?
    Thanks for sharing the information.
     
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  8. Radhai

    Radhai Platinum IL'ite

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    Yes, so adorable.
     
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  9. Shanvy

    Shanvy IL Hall of Fame

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    @swethasri, I am outside and I noted it was down syndrome this morning and the first person who was in my thought was your little hero and here you posted his picture.

    He is so adorable and strong and confident. He radiates a calmness and all that credit goes to the positivism of your family. The love from his mom and younger brother.

    There is nothing that is going to be difficult when he is so willing to work towards it.

    Loads of blessings to conquer mountains and make his world.

    And loads of cheer and support your way swetha.
     
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  10. Swethasri

    Swethasri Platinum IL'ite

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    @Shanvy Thank you so much for your kind and encouraging words. So nice of you!

     

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