It is not a matter of how but when the coronavirus will enter prisons and jails, based on health experts’ prediction. The consequences of that eventuality could be devastating. It is likely to spread like a wildfire due to close quarters, unsanitary conditions, the population that is in an age group, and/or have health conditions making them vulnerable and the large number of people that cycle through the criminal justice system. I know it is inappropriate to use “outbreak” and “prison” in one sentence, but with 2.3 million people in the US in prison or jail on any given day, an outbreak in these facilities poses threat to the US. Practicing most simple hygiene such as washing hands is not possible particularly when hand sanitizer is often treated as contraband because it contains alcohol. Even if the incarcerated have access to water, often they do not have anything to wipe their hands. Covering mouth and nose is impossible especially when a prisoner is transported from one facility to another as he/she is handcuffed and due to security status. Many prisoners have health conditions such as Tuberculosis, Asthma, HIV, Hypertension, Diabetic, Heart-related problems, and pregnancy. Prisons also have considerably more elderly people, who are particularly vulnerable to the disease. Even though most incarcerated are at a young age, due to the harsh sentencing policies of recent decades, the prison population is aging and between 1999-2016, the number of people 55 or older in state and federal prisons increased 280 percent and it is estimated that by 2030, there will be over 400,000 people in our prisons over the age of 50. Even without an outbreak, most prisons are not capable of meeting the medical needs of the sick prisoners, causing them to suffer and die in cruel and inhumane circumstances. Doctors writing in the AMA Journal of Ethics said that treating seriously ill prisoners cannot “meet ethical standards of human dignity”. Though incarcerated populations have a constitutional right to adequate health care, the reality is they too often do not have access to it. Prisons and jails have few infirmary beds and fewer rooms for medical isolation. Medical staff attending those who are infected are vulnerable due to lack of proper protective gears and if they are healthy, the correctional staff may be exposed to the decease resulting in them unable to bring the prisoners who are sick to the medical facilities. People are constantly taken to a court hearing, and then being released or booked into correctional facilities depending on the decisions by the court. The prison population is a floating population other than serious offenders, most stay for a few years and go back to the community. The correctional facility staff is walking the corridors of the prison to watch over the activities of the prisoners exposing themselves to the disease. Moreover, there are visitors, vendors, medical staff, maintenance staff, etc. constantly visiting the prisons. At this point, there is a lot of social workers and lawyers fighting to release prisoners who have committed lesser crimes to be released from the prison system. High profile prisoners fight with the help of their lawyers to go out on bail or agreeing to be monitored through a wearable device and remain in their homes wherever they are located. In some cases, Judges are lenient and in other cases, those petitions are rejected outright. It is imperative to at least test prisoners who show symptoms for COVID-19 and quarantine them separately to prevent the disease from spreading into other prisoners. Every person who goes through the prison system should be tested before permitted entry into the prison. There are many who are incarcerated for an immigration violation and they must be released and deported to their respective countries. Those who are not able to protect and defend themselves from the virus are the ones that need quick and instant attention.