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Rights And Privileges Of Women In India

Discussion in 'News & Politics' started by padmaiyangar, Jul 31, 2007.

  1. padmaiyangar

    padmaiyangar Bronze IL'ite

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    all members ,
    here are important rights and privileges of women under indian constitution

    The Constitution of India not only grants equality to women but also empowers the State to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favour of women for neutralizing the cumulative socio-economic, education and political disadvantages faced by them.
    Fundamental Rights, among others, ensures equality before the law, equal protection of law, prohibits discrimination against any citizen on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth, and guarantees equality of opportunity to all citizens in matters relating to employment. Articles14,15,15(3), 16,39(a), 39(b), 39(c) and 42 of the constitution are of specific importance in this regard.
    Constitutional Privileges.
    (i) Equality before law for women (Article 14)
    (ii) The State not to discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them (Article 15(i))
    (iii) The State to make any special provision in favour of women and children (Article15 (3))
    (iv) Equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment orappointment to any office under the state (Article 16)
    (v) The State to direct its policy towards securing for men and women equally theright to an adequate means of livelihood (Article 39 (a); and equal pay forequal work for both men and women (Article 39 (d))
    (vi) To promote justice, on a basis of equal opportunity and to provide free legal aidby suitable legislation or scheme or in any other way to ensure that
    opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of
    economic or other disabilities (Article 39 A)

    (vii)The State to make provision for securing just and humane conditions of workand for maternity relief (Article 42)
    (viii)The State to promote with special care the educational and economic interestsof the weaker sections of the people and to protect them from social injusticeand all forms of exploitation (Article 46)
    (ix) The State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its peopleand the improvement of public health (Article 47)
    (x) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all thepeople of <?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:eek:ffice:smarttags" /><st1:country-region><st1:place>India</st1:place></st1:country-region> and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women(Article 51 (A) (e))
    (xi) Not less than one-third (including the number of seats reserved for womenbelonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes ) of the totalnumber of seats to be filled by direct election in every Panchayat to be reservedfor women and such seats to be allotted by rotation to different constituenciesin a Panchayat (Article 243 D (3))
    (xii)Not less than one-third of the total number of offices of Chairpersons in the
    Panchayats at each level to be reserved for women (Article 243 D (4))
    (xiii)Not less than one-third (including the number of seats reserved for womenbelonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes) of the totalnumber of seats to be filled by direct election in every Municipality to be reservedfor women and such seats to be allotted by rotation to different constituenciesin a Municipality (Article 243 T(3))
    (xiv)Reservation of offices of Chairpersons in Municipalities for the ScheduledCastes, the Scheduled Tribes and women in such manner as the legislature ofa State may by law provide (Article 243 T (4)).


    I expecting some more contribution from you all,
     
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  2. puni88

    puni88 Moderator Staff Member IL Hall of Fame

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    Hi Padma,
    Good to know about the rights and privileges for women in the country.
    But what rights and privileges we have got in our own house???
    It is so sad that all these rights are only in the books, not in reality.


    ~Punitha
     
  3. mitalibahl

    mitalibahl New IL'ite

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    Roles of every human being are different but the only thing common is they have the same rights and freedom. Everyone should be treated equally.
     

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