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Prophet Muhammad---the Last Messenger !

Discussion in 'Religious places & Spiritual people' started by Yumna, Feb 16, 2020.

  1. Yumna

    Yumna Platinum IL'ite

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    In the Name of God,the Most Beneficent,the Ever Merciful !


    Stories of the prophets


    From Aaminah to Halimah

    So the first thing we know of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon Him’s life after his birth is that his mother gave him to be raised away from the house in the desert.

    This seems strange to us, but it was a general custom of the elite of the Arabs, so that they might grow up in the free and healthy surroundings of the desert among the Bedouins; whereby they would acquire the pure speech as they were noted for chastity of their language.

    Also, the infant mortality was very high back then. So to protect the child, so that there are only few people interacting with the child because plagues and diseases are were frequent those days.

    [[ Ibn Ishaq states that Haleemah narrated that she along with her husband and a suckling babe, set out from her village in the company of some women of her clan in quest of children to suckle. Of course desert dwellers do not get much income - so they went to Makkah and adopted children from the noble and the rich for money. Not even a single woman amongst us accepted the Muhammad (peace be upon Him), as soon as they were told that he was an orphan, they refused him. We had fixed our eyes on the reward that we would get from the child’s father. An orphan! What are his grandfather and mother likely to do? So we spurned him because of that. Every woman who came with me got a suckling and when we were about to depart, I said to my husband: " I do not like to go back along with the other women without any baby. I should go to that orphan and I must take him”. He said, "There is no harm in doing so and perhaps Allah might bless us through him." So I went and took him because there was simply no other alternative left for me but to take him”.

    The tradition is explicit on the point that Haleemah’s return journey and her subsequent life, as long as the Prophet (peace be upon Him) stayed with her, was encircled with a halo of good fortune. The donkey that she rode when she came to Makkah was lean and almost foundered; it recovered speed much to the amazement of Haleemah’s fellow travellers. By the time they reached the encampments in the country of the clan of Sa‘d, they found the scales of fortune turned in their favour. The barren land sprouted forth luxuriant grass and beasts came back to them satisfied and full of milk. Muhammad (peace be upon Him) stayed with Haleemah for two years until he was weaned as Haleemah said:

    We then took him back to his mother requesting her earnestly to have him stay with us and benefit by the good fortune and blessings he had brought us. We persisted in our request which we substantiated by our anxiety over the child catching a certain infection peculiar to Makkah.[Ibn Hisham 1/162-164] At last, we were granted our wish and the Prophet (peace be upon Him) stayed with us until he was four or five years of age. ]] Book Source : Sealed Nectar


    In-Sha-Allah...To Be Continued !
     
    Last edited: Apr 21, 2020
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  2. Yumna

    Yumna Platinum IL'ite

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    As related by Anas in Sahih Muslim,one day when Prophet (peace be upon Him) was playing with other children; Angel Jibra’eel came down and ripped his chest open and took out the heart. He then extracted a blood-clot out of it and said: "That was the part of Satan in you." And then he washed it with the water of Zamzam in a gold basin. After that the heart was joined together and restored to its place. The boys and playmates came running to Halimah and said: "Verily, Muhammad (peace be upon Him) has been murdered." They all rushed towards him and found him all right only his face was white.

    His foster brother and foster sister Shayma ran away, screaming to their mother, "Our brother has been killed!" Halimah runs outside and finds the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) sitting with a pale face. He is sitting there with fear and terror but not screaming. And when they saw him, they saw the lines on his chest.

    [Anas ibn Malik said, "I could see the traces on his (prophet’s) chest." And this is Anas relating when the Prophet (peace be upon Him) was around 60 of age. It clearly demonstrate that something physical had happened.]

    After this event, Halimah was worried about the boy and returned him back to his mother.

    The spiritual benefits we can derive are that the Prophet peace be upon Him is being prepared to live the most respected and pure life. And this is because it's the sunnah of Allah that the characteristics of the prophets are impeccable - they are innocent from major sins. They can commit minor infractions and get angry like Prophet Musa (peace be upon Him) did, do hasty things like Prophet Yunus (peace be upon Him) did, but they cannot commit major sins. So this was a spiritual cleansing that was done physically.

    In respect of the memory of her late husband, Aaminah decided to visit his grave in Yathrib (Madinah). She set out to cover a journey of 500 kilometers with her son, woman servant Umm Ayman and her father-in-law ‘Abdul-Muttalib. They spent a month there and then took their way back to Makkah.

    But on the way back, in a small settlement called Abwa', Aaminah became ill and passed away right then and there. Ummi Ayman had her buried by the people of the village, Abwa, and her grave is still there.

    ‘Abdul-Muttalib (grand father) brought the boy to Makkah. He had warm passions towards the boy, his orphan grandson, whose recent disaster (his mother’s death) added more to the pains of the past. ‘Abdul-Muttalib was more passionate with his grandson than with his own children.

    It's said that Abdul Muttalib would have a raised platform in front of and connected to the Ka'bah. Around Asr (before evening) time when the shadow of the Ka'bah shade the platform, he would sit and discuss the affairs of the Quraysh. This is the platform equal to the king's throne, so no one sits on it. Not even his sons or grandsons. And it's recorded that once, the Prophet (peace be upon Him) as a young boy came running and jumped onto the platform to be next to Abdul Muttalib. His uncles pulled him back down, but Abdul Muttalib stopped them and said, "Leave him. He can remain on the platform." So out of all his grandchildren, the only one that he allowed to be on the platform was Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him).

    At the age of 8, for the third time, the Prophet (peace be upon Him) became an orphan once again, as his grandfather Abdul Muttalib passed away.

    And one of the things Abdul Muttalib did on his deathbed was to entrust the Prophet (peace be upon Him) to his son - Abu Talib. Because Abu Talib was the full brother of Abdullah, the father of the Prophet (peace be upon Him).

    Abu Talib took the charge of his nephew in the best way possible.


    In-Sha-Allah...To Be Continued !


     
  3. Yumna

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    Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) as a young man:

    The next phase in the Prophet's life was when he was a young man, around 14-15 of age.

    We have very little information about the Prophet at this age. The early life of the Prophet is the most undocumented. We have almost nothing from the time he was 9-15.That is because nobody is witnessing and recording the incidents & nobody knew that he was going to be a prophet of God. We only know about his childhood through people who narrated the incident or people who lived long enough to narrate the story and they were few.

    It was reported that he worked as a shepherd for Bani Sa‘d and in Makkah.

    In another narration Prophet (peace be upon Him) to reported to have said, "Musa and Dawud were sent when they were shepherds, and I was sent when I was a shepherd in the valley of Ajyad."

    This shows us there is no dishonor in working for your own money. The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said, "The purest money you can earn is that which you earn with your own hands."

    At the age of 25, he went to Syria as a merchant for Khadijah [peace be upon Her].

    Ibn Ishaq reported that Khadijah, daughter of Khwailid was a business-woman of great honour and fortune. She used to employ men to do her business for a certain percentage of the profits. Quraish people were mostly tradespeople, so when Khadijah was informed of Muhammad (peace be upon Him), his truthful words, great honesty and kind manners, she sent for him. She offered him money to go to Syria and do her business, and she would give him a higher rate than the others. She would also send her hireling, Maisarah, with him. He agreed and went with her servant to Syria for trade. [Ibn Hisham 1/187,188]

    When he returned to Makkah, Khadijah noticed, in her money, more profits and blessings than she used to. Her hireling also told her of Muhammad’s good manners, his honesty and sincerity.

    She had been married twice and her second husband was a wealthy merchant and the two of them did not have any children. After the death of her husband, Khadija (peace be upon Her) was single.

    The details differ about how the proposal came about, but they agree that Khadija (peace be upon Her) was the one who instigated it and arranged it. It is permissible and nothing wrong if the women expresses an interest (with certain guidelines).

    Khadija’s uncle Amr ibn Assad and Abu Talib performed the nikah of Prophet Muhammad and Khadija (peace be upon them); which is recorded in the early books.

    He gave mahr (wedding dowry)of 12 nuggets of silver and some silver coins to Khadija.

    The common opinion is that she was 40 years old at the time of marriage to Prophet and she died when she was 65.

    This is the opinion of one of the classical scholars of Islam, al-Waqidi. Scholars unanimously agreed that they were married for 25 years, and that the Prophet (peace be upon Him) was 25 years old when he got married. However, there are more authentic reports that Khadija's age was not 40 when she got married. Academically speaking, there are two problems with this age:

    1. Al-Waqidi is not of the caliber as other scholars who report a different age. So we have al-Bayhaqi, Ibn Kathir and others who report that she died in her 50s. Thus this changes everything, as it implies she was around 25-35 when she was married. Another early authority, Hisham al-Kalbi says: Khadija married when she was 28 years old. And we have from al-Hakim that Ibn Ishaq says: She was 28 years old. The people reporting she was 28 are more in quantity and in quality in terms of knowledge. Ibn Ishaq is THE authority when it comes to seerah and so did Ibn Kathir, al-Bayhaqi etc.

    2. The Prophet (peace be upon Him) and Khadija (peace be upon Her) had at least 6 children, maybe more. And for a woman in her 40s, it would be very difficult if not impossible. But for a woman at 28, this is very reasonable and makes a lot more sense and it seems to be the more correct opinion.

    In-Sha-Allah...To Be Continued !



     
  4. Yumna

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    All the children of the Prophet(peace be upon Him) were through Revered Khadija. There were at least six. The first child was al-Qasim (hence the Prophet was also known as Abu-Qasim). And it is said that he had reached the age where the boys could ride on the camel (7-8 years old) and then he passed away. That's all we know. And the Prophet(peace be upon Him) had Zaynab, Ruqqayyah, Ummi Kulthum ,Fatima and Abdullah(peace be upon them). Some people add two more, but the stronger position is that Abdullah had two nicknames: Tahir and Tayyib i.e. the names of the supposed two extra children. Abdullah was born after the revelation began, and died in infancy. The four daughters all lived to maturity ; three of them died in his own life time. Only Fatima (peace be upon Her) outlived him.

    Khadija(peace be upon Her) was the first woman whom the Messenger (peace be upon Him) married. He did not married any other women until after she had died.

    Prophet faced the most traumatic issues. Indeed there is no greater difficulty than losing parents or children. And the Prophet(peace be upon Him) had to go through both. He (peace be upon Him) was orphaned multiple times. And then losing his children one after another. It was as if Allah is giving him the most difficult tragedies; that your purpose in life is to be tested and afflicted - because through these trials that one's relationship with Allah is established. Also, living through these trials develops the utmost patience, and the Prophet (peace be upon Him) needed this to fulfill his mission


    Rebuilding Ka‘bah

    The incident of the rebuilding of the Ka'bah took place when the Prophet(peace be upon Him) was around 35 years old, after 10 years of marriage with Khadija and 5 years before prophethood. The structure was damaged by a fire and then a flood.

    As Makkah is in the basin of a lot of mountains, it used to be prone to floods once in a while. (In 1947/1948, people were swimming for tawaf, as the Ka'bah was flooded. In our times, there are measures to prevent all that.

    Quraish decided they needed to rebuild the entire Ka'bah as the structure was more or less gone.

    When the Ka'bah was destroyed, there was news of a sale going on in the city of Juddah (later Jeddah). The Caesar of Rome had sent supplies to one of the cities of Yemen to rebuild a church destroyed by the Persians. He got the best wood, marble, craftsmen etc. and sent them all to Yemen on a ship.The ship was damaged in the sea, but somehow it made to Juddah. All of the cargo - the most expensive marble, wood etc is now in Juddah .

    Note that Arabia didn't have such building material or craftsmen at all. So the people of the ship decided to sell the material as they had to raise enough money to go back to Rome. So when the Quraish heard about this, they gathered all of their wealth, and the chiefs of Quraish decided to use only licit money in rebuilding Ka‘bah, so all money that derived from harlotry, usury or unjust practices was excluded and they went to Juddah, and purchased all of this merchandise, along with hiring the craftsmen, who had been educated in the palaces of Caesar. They bring all of the goods back to Makkah.

    Now they are wondering, "Shall we destroy the House of Allah?

    Finally one among them,Walid ibn al-Mughira said, "I will do it," and he took the axe and broke down one of the walls of the Ka'bah. Nobody lifted a finger to help. Word got around and the inhabitants of Makkah decided to use Walid ibn al-Mughira as a 'litmus test.' They thought if he survives the night, they will join him the next day. So they basically didn't help him until the next morning when Walid ibn al-Mughira woke up just fine. From the next day, everyone helped him dismantle the Ka'bah and rebuild it.

    They divided all of the sub tribes of the Quraish into four groups. Each group gets one wall. The tribes collected stones and started work. The man who laid the stones was a Roman mason called Baqum.

    The work went on in harmony till the time came to put the sacred Black Stone in its proper place. Then strife broke out among the chiefs, and lasted for four or five days, each contesting for the honor of placing the stone in its position. Daggers were on the point of being drawn and great bloodshed seemed imminent. Luckily, the oldest among the chiefs Abu Omaiyah bin Mugheerah Al-Makhzumi made a proposal which was accepted by all. He said: "Let him, who enters the sanctuary of Ka’ba first from the major door decide. Now this meant that it's the matter of luck whoever walked in would obviously choose his own tribe; so whoever walks in, whatever tribe he belongs to will basically win.

    It was then Allah’s Will that the Messenger of Allah(peace be upon Him) should be the first to enter the Mosque. On seeing him, all the people said with one voice: "Al-Ameen (the trustworthy) has come. We are content to abide by his decision.

    Muhammad (peace be upon Him) asked for a mantle which he spread on the ground and placed the stone in its center. He then asked the representatives of all the tribes among them, to lift the stone all together. When it had reached the proper place, Muhammad (peace be upon Him) laid it in the proper position with his own hands. This is how a very tense situation was eased.




    In-Sha-Allah...To Be Continued !

     
  5. Yumna

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    The Character of The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him)

    God combined in HIS final Prophet, the most illustrious qualities, ensuring by that the confidence of his audience. His person sparkled from every angle and was thus seen as admirable in everyone’s eyes. Those who considered lineage crucial – though it is not in God’s eyes – found Muhammad(peace be upon Him) descending from a nobility that was the purest of the pure. Those who practiced physiognomy (assessing a person’s character based on physical appearance) felt that Muhammad's (peace be upon Him) face glowed with integrity. Those who experienced him firsthand, or later read his biography, found in Muhammad (peace be upon Him) a lifestyle of extraordinary sincerity and conviction.

    His Honesty

    The Prophet (peace be upon Him) was not merely a person whose honesty was testified to, rather his clansmen had officially titled him as-Sādiq, al-Amīn (the Truthful, the Trustworthy).
    Even afterwards,when they persecuted him and rejected his message, they still trusted him with their most precious possessions.

    In the history of humanity, many imposters have claimed prophethood, and they have all been found void of virtuosity and unethically opportunistic. This is endemic to and expected from, imposter prophets – for they have embraced being the most sinister of liars. Lying itself is a worst attribute.But lying about your friends is worse than lying about a random person, and just as lying about your parents is worse than lying about your friends, there is nothing uglier than a person lying about God--the Creator. Therefore, when a man with the undisputed honesty of Muhammad(peace be upon Him) lives for forty years without ever lying, then claims to be God’s Prophet, this should be seen as a sign of the veracity of his claim.


    His Austerity and Asceticism

    The simple, austere lifestyle of the Prophet(peace be upon Him) is a major indication that his mission could not have been self-serving. After all, this was a man who controlled all of Arabia by the end of his life. Even before that, he had thousands of followers throughout his stay in Madinah; followers who obsessed over him, and would have loved to do anything in the world for him. With all that considered, we find no luxury in any sphere of his life. Rather, we find in his apartment a straw mat that would leave marks on his side, and a hanging leather water skin.

    For weeks, no fire would be kindled for cooking in his home, and his family had to be content with dates and water.

    In the time of his greatest power, he maintained the same simplicity of manners and appearance as in the days of his adversity. So far from affecting a regal state, he was displeased if, on entering a room, any unusual testimonials of respect were shown to him.”


    His Bravery

    The great bravery of the Prophet(peace be upon Him) meant that he was not only truthful, but certain of his truthfulness. Some orientalists, though all are derisive in depicting Islam, choose to argue that Muhammad(peace be upon Him) was not consciously lying, but suffered from a mental illness that subjected him to delusions of grandeur. This claim crumbles at the feet of the Prophet’s documented bravery, because someone who “hears voices” and has psychological disorders would be inconsistent, reluctant, and incapable of achieving all of the triumphs he achieved. More importantly, a mentally disturbed person would never come up with a complete system of beliefs and laws that would earn the respect of thousands of historians, philosophers, and other men of wisdom.

    The Prophet(peace be upon Him) never fled in battle; rather, he fought fearlessly on the front lines. It would have been perfectly understandable for the Prophet(peace be upon Him) to shield himself behind the army, for his death would mean the end of the message.

    His Perseverance

    The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) did not only display bravery at specific junctions in his life, but rather showed exemplary endurance and consistency throughout. Consider a man who never knew his father firsthand, hardly enjoyed the compassion of his mother, and then lost his grandfather, and then his uncle and dearest wife simultaneously. Consider a man who lived to witness every single one of his children die save for one, who was treated like a menace and fugitive after decades of building a flawless reputation among his people. Consider a man who experienced physical abuse until he would faint, was starved for years by his own people, and faced countless campaigns of character assassination. Consider a man who was driven out of his home, sent fleeing to Madinah for shelter, only to find hypocrites there awaiting every opportunity to betray him.

    Only God could have empowered him(peace be upon Him) to have compassion for the heartless, forgiveness for his enemies, and concern for the arrogant. Only God could have kept his heart grateful at times when others could not even be patient, and his heart merciful at times when others could not even be just.


    His Optimism

    It is remarkable how the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) never lost hope in the support and victory of Allah, regardless of how apparently hopeless his situation would sometimes become. This optimism tells of a heart laced with supreme faith.


    Source: Yaqeen Institute


    In-Sha-Allah...To Be Continued !
     

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