Here is more, in outline form. 1. The following are some of the particular methods/tools under this technique: Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) Programmed Instruction Teaching machines 2. These were invented by people who made major breakthroughs in learning theory/psychology. 3. These are focussed on the student and not the teacher. The traditional techniques make life easy for the teacher and not the student. (This may well not happen in practice, i.e., both the student and the teacher may be undeserved in the traditional techniques.) 4. The traditional techniques (for instance, lectures) evolved before the invention of the printing press. Today, there is no need for the teacher/professor to put on a show in class. Very few students learn as the professor speaks, in topics of any difficulty. 5. In these techniques, the students progress at their own pace. 6. They are initially given a unit. They do not advance to the next unit until they have mastered the previous unit. There is no penalty for retaking tests on units multiple times. This takes the pressure of students. 7. Students are nor graded comparatively. There is no grading on a curve. Every student can get an A+ if they master all the units. This is another way pressure is removed from students. 8. Students are actively engaged as opposed to passively listening. 9. Learning is defined as specific repertoire change. The teacher takes responsibility for bringing about this repertoire change. 10. Students contact the teacher via email, phone calls, and face to face discussions, when they have a question. What else? Please ask questions if you have any. -------------------------------------- I was reading another short story by Jayakanthan yesterday. In that, a sastrigal says that he never learnt the meanings of the Sanskrit verses he chants, he just learnt them by rote, and was afraid that his teacher would hit him if he asked questions a second time. In the above techniques, a student need not be afraid of asking questions. It is expected/understood that (a) different students will be at different level of knowledge/background (b) different students will progress at different speeds (c) Answering a question when it arises in the student's "mind" is of paramount importance. Here is a link you may want to read.