1. Would you like to join the IL team? See open jobs!
    Dismiss Notice
  2. What can you teach someone online? Tell us here!
    Dismiss Notice
  3. If someone taught you via skype, what would you want to learn? Tell us here!
    Dismiss Notice

How does the Gita begin ?

Discussion in 'Chitvish on Hindu Culture & Vedanta' started by Chitvish, Aug 2, 2007.

  1. Chitvish

    Chitvish Moderator IL Hall of Fame

    Messages:
    33,568
    Likes Received:
    3,741
    Trophy Points:
    490
    Gender:
    Female
    The first chapter of Gita is broadly classified into two portions.
    The first 27 verses give the context for the dialogue to take place. This portion is called sangati-kathana.
    The second portion is from verse 28 to verse 48. This is called samsara-varnana. Here we get a description of human bondage, which is in the form of human dependence. This is called samsara.

    In the first portion, the context of Mahabharata battle is presented. The sprawling battle-field of Kurukshetra is a flash point of not only a savage war but a trial of strength between dharma & adharma.
    From the story of Mahabharata we know that all the Kauravas were adharmic and took to similar actions.
    In Gita, they are called atyayain, which means the worst type of criminal.
    Both the armies of Kauravas and Pandavas are arrayed against eachother and it is at this juncture, the Bhagavad Gita begins.

    Duryodhana comes to Dronacharya and briefs him about the important warriors on both sides and when he enumerates, we learn that Kaurava army is much more powerful than Pandavas both in number and strength.
    Duryodhana, assessing the overall strength of the two armies, says

    Aparyaaptham thadasmaakam balam bheeshmaabhirakshitham

    Paryaaptham thvidamaethaeshaam balam bheemabhirakshitham 1.10

    The strength of our army (being greater) well protected by Bhishma cannot be overwhelmed, whereas the strength of these people in front of us (their battalions being fewer in number), even though protected by Bhima can be overwhelmed.

    This shows the confidence Duryodhana has that his army could easily overwhelm the Pandavas and that he would win the war. He purposely mentions to Dronacharya the names of his adversaries (who are disciples of Drona himself), to cure Drona’s possible sense of complacency and to provoke him to heights of war-frenzy !
    He also mentions the names of the heroes and warriors on his side, perhaps implying that it is the duty of Drona to protect and save them.

    Though he says this, he feels insecure because he knows that dharma is not on his side.

    Pandavas had the support of dharma which is represented by Lord Krishna.


    Yathra yogaeshvara: krishno ysthra paartho dhanudhara: 18.78


    So, they never felt diffident or insecure, but were very enthusiastic.

    Bhishma understood Duryodhana’s diffidence and just to produce some kind of joy in the hearts of the Kuru family, roared loudly like a lion. (Does not sound always allay fear?!) Then he sounded the beginning of the war by blowing his conch. At once all the other Kauravas also blew their conches.

    Then Krishna sounded his conch called the Panchajanya and the Pandavas followed suit.

    At that crucial time Arjuna felt like looking at the face of the people he was going to fight with. Infact Arjuna need not have done that, knowing they were his relatives.
    But, if Arjuna ad not desired so, Gita could not have come to us !

    Arjuna commands Krishna:

    Saenayorubhayormadhyae ratham sthapaya mae(a)chyutha
    Yaavadaethaan nireeksho(a)ham yodhdhukkhamaanavasthithaan
    Kairmayaa saha yoddhavya-masmin raNasamudhyamae 1.21

    Oh, Achyutha, keep my chariot between the two armies while I see those who are arrayed, seeking battle, and know with whom I shall have to fight in this preparation for combat.

    Krishna complies with the command, because now he is Arjuna’s driver ! Well, Krishna could have placed the chariot in front of Duryodhana or Karna ; but he does not do so ! He places the chariot in front of Bhishma, Drona and others. When Arjuna faces them, his mind is poised to change gradually. The next half of this chapter deals with Samsara-varnana.

    Love,
    Chithra.


    <xml id=yoombaxml></xml>
     
    Last edited: Aug 2, 2007
    Loading...

  2. birraj

    birraj Senior IL'ite

    Messages:
    313
    Likes Received:
    3
    Trophy Points:
    18
    Gender:
    Female
    Dear Mom,
    Thanks for good postings. Today I made a point to learn. I read couple of times. Your way of explaining is very simple. Waiting for more interesting topics like this.

    Love
    Birundha
     
  3. thejasree

    thejasree New IL'ite

    Messages:
    90
    Likes Received:
    3
    Trophy Points:
    8
    Gender:
    Female
    Hello Chithramam!

    Like to read and absorb all ur posts, especially related to The Gita....
    It's great to read such posts early in the morning.....our time here is 1 hr and 30 mts behind Indian time..

    Looking for more of such posts...

    Regards,

    Thejasree
     
  4. vidhi

    vidhi Senior IL'ite

    Messages:
    313
    Likes Received:
    3
    Trophy Points:
    18
    Gender:
    Female
    Dear Chithra

    Nicely explained. Yes If not for Arjuna we would not have got Gita. I am eagerly waiting for the other episodes. Thank you.

    Love
    vidhi
     
  5. Chitvish

    Chitvish Moderator IL Hall of Fame

    Messages:
    33,568
    Likes Received:
    3,741
    Trophy Points:
    490
    Gender:
    Female
    Dear Birundha,
    Thankyou for the very quick feedback.
    Next week, I have to compulsorily go back to some technical themes like
    Avasthathrayam
    Panchakoshas
    & to Atma ! There are 2 more articles, I plan to post on the first chapter.
    Onlt after explaining Atma, I can proceed to the second chapter.
    Love,
    Chithra.





    <xml id=yoombaxml></xml>
     
  6. Chitvish

    Chitvish Moderator IL Hall of Fame

    Messages:
    33,568
    Likes Received:
    3,741
    Trophy Points:
    490
    Gender:
    Female
    Dear Thejasree,
    Thanks for your feedback.
    I too like to read such articles, fresh, early in the morning. Our absorbing capacity is at its peak, before we involve ourselves in our routine activities !
    Love,
    Chithra.



    <xml id=yoombaxml></xml>
     
  7. Chitvish

    Chitvish Moderator IL Hall of Fame

    Messages:
    33,568
    Likes Received:
    3,741
    Trophy Points:
    490
    Gender:
    Female
    Dear Vidhi,
    Thankyou for your post.Krishna placing the chariot in front of Bhishma & Drona is also relevant for gita - we will see it in the next episode of first chapter !
    Love,
    Chithra.



    <xml id=yoombaxml></xml>
     
  8. ksv

    ksv Senior IL'ite

    Messages:
    226
    Likes Received:
    4
    Trophy Points:
    18
    Gender:
    Female
    Dear Chitramami,


    u r the driving force in helping us understand The Gita right from the fundamentals... (putting things in such a way that others understand is not an easy task!!) that's why i think u started off with ' why the Gita' & now it's' how did it begin '..

    what next... can't guess... i know i've wait for atleast a week!!!

    thank u!!

    regards
    ksv.
     
  9. Chitvish

    Chitvish Moderator IL Hall of Fame

    Messages:
    33,568
    Likes Received:
    3,741
    Trophy Points:
    490
    Gender:
    Female
    Dear ksp, sorry ksv !
    You are such a sweetie pie in your feedbacks that I am tempted to call you ksp !:-D
    Now, please don't expect Gita next week ! It will be yet another fundamental in vedanta, my sp !
    Leave alone understanding, to make sure, everybody reads it, is itself a challenging task for me !
    Love,
    Chithra.



    <xml id=yoombaxml></xml>
     
  10. ksv

    ksv Senior IL'ite

    Messages:
    226
    Likes Received:
    4
    Trophy Points:
    18
    Gender:
    Female
    Dear Chitramami,

    Thanks 4 the complement.. i am not sure whether i deserve it.. but it's nice to receive a complement from u..

    Thanks..

    regards
    ksv(p).
     

Share This Page