1. What can you teach someone online? Tell us here!
    Dismiss Notice
  2. If someone taught you via skype, what would you want to learn? Tell us here!
    Dismiss Notice

Common Cognitive Distortions

Discussion in 'Education & Personal Growth' started by Iravati, Mar 12, 2018.

  1. Iravati

    Iravati Platinum IL'ite

    Messages:
    2,430
    Likes Received:
    2,087
    Trophy Points:
    283
    Gender:
    Female
    I was reading the article Coddling of the American Mind in The Atlantic. I came across a marginal line: the goal is to minimize distorted thinking and see the world more accurately. You start by learning the names of the dozen or so most common cognitive distortions (such as overgeneralizing, discounting positives, and emotional reasoning; see the list at the bottom of this article).

    At the bottom I found a simple and clean list of the most common cognitive distortions. I liked the list, hence sharing. Also: The article in itself about political correctness in campus is worth a read.

    Common Cognitive Distortions

    A partial list from Robert L. Leahy, Stephen J. F. Holland, and Lata K. McGinn’s Treatment Plans and Interventions for Depression and Anxiety Disorders (2012).

    1. Mind reading. You assume that you know what people think without having sufficient evidence of their thoughts. “He thinks I’m a loser.”

    2. Fortune-telling. You predict the future negatively: things will get worse, or there is danger ahead. “I’ll fail that exam,” or “I won’t get the job.”

    3. Catastrophizing.You believe that what has happened or will happen will be so awful and unbearable that you won’t be able to stand it. “It would be terrible if I failed.”

    4. Labeling. You assign global negative traits to yourself and others. “I’m undesirable,” or “He’s a rotten person.”

    5. Discounting positives. You claim that the positive things you or others do are trivial. “That’s what wives are supposed to do—so it doesn’t count when she’s nice to me,” or “Those successes were easy, so they don’t matter.”

    6. Negative filtering. You focus almost exclusively on the negatives and seldom notice the positives. “Look at all of the people who don’t like me.”

    7. Overgeneralizing. You perceive a global pattern of negatives on the basis of a single incident. “This generally happens to me. I seem to fail at a lot of things.”

    8. Dichotomous thinking. You view events or people in all-or-nothing terms. “I get rejected by everyone,” or “It was a complete waste of time.”

    9. Blaming. You focus on the other person as the source of your negative feelings, and you refuse to take responsibility for changing yourself. “She’s to blame for the way I feel now,” or “My parents caused all my problems.”

    10. What if? You keep asking a series of questions about “what if” something happens, and you fail to be satisfied with any of the answers. “Yeah, but what if I get anxious?,” or “What if I can’t catch my breath?”

    11. Emotional reasoning. You let your feelings guide your interpretation of reality. “I feel depressed; therefore, my marriage is not working out.”

    12. Inability to disconfirm. You reject any evidence or arguments that might contradict your negative thoughts. For example, when you have the thought I’m unlovable, you reject as irrelevant any evidence that people like you. Consequently, your thought cannot be refuted. “That’s not the real issue. There are deeper problems. There are other factors.”
     
    Amica, Shanvy, MonikaSG and 3 others like this.
    Loading...

  2. BhumiBabe

    BhumiBabe Platinum IL'ite

    Messages:
    969
    Likes Received:
    2,085
    Trophy Points:
    265
    Gender:
    Female
    Interesting read. Thanks for sharing
     
  3. Viswamitra

    Viswamitra IL Hall of Fame

    Messages:
    11,122
    Likes Received:
    19,789
    Trophy Points:
    538
    Gender:
    Male


    Viswa
     

Share This Page