I am noting experience with my nephews: I have dealt with this question with my three nephews. Nephew 1: Thought about doing UG from the USA but didn’t get any scholarships. Decided to pursue UG from a state college (Biotech Engineering) in India. During BTech, interned in a lab at IIT Delhi (my former lab) for 3 semesters, published papers. Learned programming on his own and developed websites for his department and few businesses. Decided that biotech wasn’t his cup of tea and applied for MS in software engineering (and also in biotech) in the USA and Australia. Got in good schools (fully funded MS in biotech in the US but no scholarship for Software engineering). Decided to go to Australia. Two years of MS (~$40k), two years work experience, and is a PR now. Nephew 2: Mechanical Engineering. Good score in SAT, IB curriculum 12th (was able to transfer a few credits), applied for UG in USA, admitted with partial scholarship and also got admission in IIT Mumbai. Decided to attend IIT. Nephew 3: Computer Engineering. Okay SAT score, 88% in 12th, no internship experience. Was an exchange student at a German institute during 11th and spent 3 months there. Captain of soccer team of his school. Applied to three universities in the USA. Two offered partial scholarship. Starting school this fall at my university and will be staying with us. Partial scholarship brings his tuition down to $16000 a year plus he is eligible for merit based scholarship and research grants (which are plenty at my institute). He also has a confirmed 15 h/ week job in student bookstore and hopefully he can save towards tuition or living expenses after a year of staying with us. I helped a young woman from my village and she was offered full scholarship for UG in the USA. Universities are committed to equity, inclusion, and diversity and her essay was well received by the diversity members. While helping international students, I realized that international scholarships aren’t advertised well by the universities. Students need to contact the International students and scholars office and talk to the representatives about the possibility of any scholarship and how/when to apply. In every case, I found out the information and asked the student to speak with the officer.