With a purified mind, with the knowledge of Satchitananda, deeper meditation is possible. Avinaas(h)I thu thadviddhi, yaena sarvamidam thatham Vinaas(h)am avyayasyaasya na kas(h)chith arthumarhathi 2.17 You understand that, to be the imperishable by which all this is pervaded. No one can bring about the destruction of this changeless one. We now know asat (anatma) cannot destroy the sat (Atma). This would be like pot destroying the clay – which is impossible ! The pot cannot get rid of the clay and destroy it. Such a possibility does not exist. Regardless of the number of people, Atma is always non-dual. No number or condition, activity or connection to activity, brings about a change in the Atma. In fact there is no connection for the Atma, just as there is no connection between the clay and the pot because all that is there, is clay. If there were a pot other than clay, then the clay could establish a relationship with it. But, when a pot is only clay, there can be no relationship between them. This, then, is the nature of Atma. 2.18 again emphasizes that Atma is Aprameya: - unobjectifiable. Antavanta ime deha: nithyasyOkthaa: shareeriNa: Anaashino(a)pramaeyasya thasmaddhyuddhyasva bhaaratha 2.18 It is said- Perishable are these bodies, which belong to the eternal, imperishable and unobjectifiable Self.Therefore fight, Oh Arjuna ! This is again a repetition of the same idea. Atma is never an object of knowledge. It is ever the experiencer, never the experienced. Let us remember, we can never see our own eyes. So atma is Nithya: - eternal Satya: - real Sarvagatha: - all pervading Aprameya: - unobjectifiable 2.19 says Atma is Akartha - does not do action Abhoktha - is not involved in action Ya aenam vaeththi hantharam, yashchainam manyathae hatham Ubhau thau na vijaaneetha: naayam hanthi na hanyathae 2.19 The one who considers this (Self) to be a killer and the one who considers this (Self) to be killed, both of them do not know. This (Self) does not kill nor is killed. The corollary is, so atma is free from all karmas and has no punarjanma. Karmas are meant for only Sukshma Sariram which travels from place to place. So, the Atma does not get entangled in any newly generated chain of vasanas. The ocean does not grow or die when a wave rises, swell, plays and then tumbles to become the ocean again. Thus, it is established that the Self is immutable. Love, Chithra.