1. Looking for an Interesting Craft Project? : Plethora of Ideas
    Dismiss Notice

Sewing/Tailoring/Stitching : Basics With Schematic Diagrams

Discussion in 'Sewing & Stitching' started by artvani, Nov 14, 2009.

Thread Status:
Not open for further replies.
  1. artvani

    artvani Platinum IL'ite

    Messages:
    1,632
    Likes Received:
    534
    Trophy Points:
    208
    Gender:
    Female
    Seams and finishes of seams

    Seams are the lines of stitching which hold two pieces of fabric together. There are many types of seams. The type of seam we use depends upon the fabric.

    Plain seam

    This type of seam is used for firmly woven fabric that does not ravel easily. Double stitched plain seam gives added strength. If we want to open the seam to give smooth fit double stitching is done one above the other.

    How to make plain seam

    Keep the two pieces of the material to be joined, right sides together and make a single row of machine stitching ½” from the edge. Beginners can mark the seam line and tack before machine stitching. Make a second row of stitching 1/16” from and parallel to the first row in the seam allowance

    Methods of finishing plain seam

    1. Pinking-

    It is used for firmly woven fabric. After stitching the seam is trimmed with pinking shears

    2. Overcasting

    This is also used on firm fabric. After seam is stitched the edges of the seams are stitched together with over casting stitches by hand or the seams can be opened and overcasting is done separately.

    3 Hemming or turned and stitched

    This is used on the fabric that ravels. After stitching, the seam is opened and the raw edges are turned inside a little and machine stitched.

    4 False French

    This method is used on sheer fabrics to get neat finish .This adds strength to the seams. After stitching, seam is opened, raw edges are turned up and brought together and hemmed by hand

    5 Binding

    This method is used on fabric that is heavy and ravels easily. After stitching, seam is opened and the raw edges are bound separately with bias strips.

    Self binding

    This method can be used for the seams that can be turned towards one side. Stitch seam .Trim one layer of seam allowance to ¼”. Turn and press the other seam allowance towards the trimmed side. Turn again over the trimmed side and stitch.

    Zigzag stitched.

    Stitch seams. Finish the seams with zigzag stitches placed to the edge of the seam allowance.

    Seams in sheer fabrics.

    Place the fabric right sides together. Stitch them together 1/8th” from the seam line with in the seam allowance. Fold and press both the layers over the stitching. Stitch close to the folded edge.Trim the seam allowance close to the stitching.Turn again and stitch close to the edge such that the stitches should fall on the seam line. This makes almost invisible seam
     

    Attached Files:

    2 people like this.
  2. artvani

    artvani Platinum IL'ite

    Messages:
    1,632
    Likes Received:
    534
    Trophy Points:
    208
    Gender:
    Female
    Re: Seams and finishes of seams

    Seams -Part 2

    French seam

    French seam is a strong seam. I can only be used on straight seams. Finishing of the seams is not needed. It is very useful for stitching under garments and sheer fabrics; it is not suitable for heavy fabrics.
    Stitching method.
    Keep wrong sides of the material together, Stitch on the right side ¼” away from the seam line in the seam allowance.
    Trim the raw edge to 1/8” from the line of stitching and turn to the wrong side.
    Crease the joint, press. Fold on the line of the joint. Stitch on the seam line.
    While stitching care should be taken such that the raw edge of the seam does not show on the right side.

    Flat-fell seam.

    This seam is used for men’s shirts and pajamas. It has got two parallel rows of stitches.
    This is the strongest seam.
    Keep wrong side of the fabric together and stitch on the right side on the seam line .Trim one side of the seam by ¼”. Turn under the raw edge of the other seam and place it flat on the trimmed seam and top stitch close to the folded edge
     

    Attached Files:

    2 people like this.
  3. Durgapriye

    Durgapriye Senior IL'ite

    Messages:
    249
    Likes Received:
    1
    Trophy Points:
    18
    Gender:
    Female
    Re: Seams and finishes of seams

    Hi,
    I didnt understand
    "Crease the joint, press." what does crease mean here?
     
  4. artvani

    artvani Platinum IL'ite

    Messages:
    1,632
    Likes Received:
    534
    Trophy Points:
    208
    Gender:
    Female
    Re: Seams and finishes of seams

    Hey, I really do not know how explain this .Turn the stitched garment to the right side ,scratch the joint with your thumb nail.this places the layers in position. and iron .Press means pressing with the iron.you should not slide iron.press one portion ,lift the iron and press next part.If you do not crease the joint and press there is a possibility of the seams changing their sides.
    Half of it will be turned to the right and the other half will be the left.top stitching will be difficult.
     
    Last edited: Nov 25, 2010
  5. PraveenPriya

    PraveenPriya Bronze IL'ite

    Messages:
    58
    Likes Received:
    38
    Trophy Points:
    38
    Gender:
    Female
    Re: Sewing / Tailoring / Stitching : Basics, Beginners Tutorials

    Hi Friends,

    The following website gives animated and written step by step instructions for sewing techniques like how to sew zippers, pockets, necklines, collars etc...

    :: Husqvarna Viking ::

    Hope this will be useful for beginners.

    Regards,
    Praveena
     
Thread Status:
Not open for further replies.

Share This Page