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Embroidery : Basic Stitches Instructions / Steps Pictorial

Discussion in 'Embroidery' started by pinkyjoseph, May 1, 2008.

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  1. tumtuma3

    tumtuma3 Bronze IL'ite

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    re: Embroidery Stitches Pictorial Instructions

    raised chevron,raised stem stitch,rose leaf,whipped satin,whipped stem.
     

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    Last edited: Mar 13, 2009
  2. tumtuma3

    tumtuma3 Bronze IL'ite

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    re: Embroidery Stitches Pictorial Instructions

    satin stitch tied with backstitch.
     

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  3. Yashikushi

    Yashikushi Moderator IL Hall of Fame

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    Basic Embroidery Stiches......Instructions

    The following are instructions for various embroider stitches..... hope that you enjoy looking through them and find them both useful and applicable to your embroidering projects......"For good effects, use heavy embroidery threads."

    [​IMG]Outline or Stem Stitch - Knot your thread and bring it through to the right side at one end of the line to be embroidered. Take a stitch 1/4 inch away. Point the needle back a little way before drawing it through to the right side of the fabric again. Make another stitch the same way, and so on to the end of the line.

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    [​IMG]Chain Stitch - Bring the needle up through the fabric and hold the thread down with your thumb. Pass the needle back through the fabric at almost the same point and bring it out 1/8 inch forward, or as desired (this regulates the length of the stitch) passing it over the thumb. As you pull the thread, it will form a loop. Put the needle back in the fabric inside of the loop close to the last stitch and bring it forward on the embroidery line so that it passes over the thread and forms another loop.

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    [​IMG]Running Stitch - With a heavy embroidery thread, run the needle in and out, following the line to be embroidered. The stitches should be 1/8 inch long (or more, depending on weight of the fabric) on the top of the fabric and very short on the underside. This stitch is also known as saddle stitching.
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    [​IMG]Couching - The word couching is used to describe a fine cord in braided effects. The cord may be matching or contrasting in color, and it is simply overcast to the material with evenly spaced stitches. Many interesting effects can be made by using a heavy contrasting color thread for the stitches that hold down the cord. These stitches must, of course, be very carefully spaced, for they are part of the decoration.

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    to be continued.......​
     
  4. Yashikushi

    Yashikushi Moderator IL Hall of Fame

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    Re: Basic Embroidery Stiches......Instructions

    [​IMG]Satin Stitch - In fine embroidery, satin stitch is first padded, then the padding is covered with close, even, overcast stitches, outlining the pattern. In the finished work, if you are using a fine floss thread, the stitches are all blended together into a raised satin surface. This stitch used without padding and done in corded silk or cotton makes a very effective combination for embroidery in splash effects.

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    [​IMG]Lazy-Daisy Stitch - To form a little flower, use a contrasting corded embroidery thread. Stamp the design or draw a line for the embroidery and put a dot at the points where you want a flower. The flowers can be 1/2 inch in diameter or larger if desired. Be sure to allow enough space. Bring the thread through at the center of the dot. Hold the thread with your left thumb, then pass the needle back through the fabric at the center, bringing it out on the circumference of an imaginary circle denoting the outer edge of the petals (this makes a 1/4 inch stitch). When drawing the needle out, pass it over your left thumb and put the thread under it so if forms a loop when drawn out. To hold the loop in place, pass the needle back close to the last stitch, making sure to catch the end of the loop and bring it out in the center. This makes one petal or one leaf. Continue making petals around the circle. These circles are usually finished by joining them with an outline stitch to represent a stem, and an occasional leaf may be introduced if desired. A leaf is generally represented by making one petal if the flower is small and three loops arranged pyramid fashion if the flower motif is large.

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    Last edited: Jun 1, 2009
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  5. Yashikushi

    Yashikushi Moderator IL Hall of Fame

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    Re: Basic Embroidery Stiches......Instructions

    [​IMG]Feather Stitch - Outline your design in straight lines, circles, or scrolls, using tailor's chalk. Thread the needle with an embroidery twist and bring it up at one end of the marked line. Hold the thread parallel to the line and take a stitch out from the line about 1/8 inch, bringing the needle out at the line -- the needle must pass over the thread. When you pull it through, it will hold the thread as you draw the needle parallel with the line. Take another stitch on the opposite side of the thread, bringing the needle out at the line. Continue to work first on one side, then on the other until your line is complete. In fine infants' wear, beautifully double and treble feather stitching is a feature of quilts, sacques, petticoats, and everyday dresses.


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    [​IMG]Cross Stitch - This versatile stitch can be developed as a simple background to throw a design into relief. Trace any simple pattern by outlining carefully. Fill the space between the lines with cross stitch. Other uses are for decorative edging, for corner motif, or for banding in simple or classic designs in complex coloring. First stamp a design on the right side of the piece you are going to embroider. Then start stitching with a needle and thread. Make an overhand stitch the length of one side of the stitch to be crossed. Now cross it by making another stitch in the opposite direction, the same length. It is faster to make all the first stitches on one line and then fill out the crosses on the return.

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    [​IMG]Blanket stitch - This important embroidery stitch is used on blankets and infants' clothing and as a quick trimming on house dresses, children's clothes, et cetera. It is also used in neckwear and collars when an extra color is needed. To do this, bind the edge with one color; then work a row of blanket stitch in a contrasting shade and the second row in another color. To make blanket stitch, use a corded embroidery thread and bring it out at one end of the work. Take a stitch 1/4 or 1/2 inch above the edge and bring the needle out at the edge, passing it over the thread. Spread the stitches about 1/4 inch apart.
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  6. Yashikushi

    Yashikushi Moderator IL Hall of Fame

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    Re: Basic Embroidery Stiches......Instructions

    [​IMG]French Knots - Use a tightly twisted thread. Bring the needle up through the fabric and wrap the thread around the needle several times before you pull it back through, at almost the same point in the fabric. Bring the needle out again 1/8 inch away to start the next knot.

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    Tiny French knots make this sweet poodle

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    [​IMG]Bullion Stitch - The bullion stitch, like the French knot, is made by twisting the thread several times around the needle. When you put the needle back into the fabric, put it farther away so that the twisted threads lie flat instead of making a knot.
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  7. Yashikushi

    Yashikushi Moderator IL Hall of Fame

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    Re: Basic Embroidery Stiches......Instructions

    [​IMG]Fishbone Stitch:Direction: Begin at the tip of the shape, coming up at A. Make a longish straight stitch straight down, following the center line marked in the leaf. Come up at B, and then slant your stitch to cross over the base of the straight stitch, just to the other side of your center line. Come up at C, and go down just on the other side of the center line, crossing over the tip of the previous stitch you just made. Note that the stitches take turns crossing over each other at the center line. They do not enter the fabric "on the line" - rather, just to the other side of the line. In this manner, the stitches overlap each other, all the way down the shape, giving the shape that "woven" look, creating the "spine" down the middle. Keep your stitches close together - you want to cover the area solidly.

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    [SIZE=+1][​IMG]Straight stitch-To work a straight stitch, simply bring the needle through the fabric at one end of the stitch and return it to the wrong side at the opposite end of the stitch. Take care not to pull the thread too tightly as this could pucker and distort the work.


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    [​IMG]Eyelets - Use an embroidery puncher and hold your work in an embroidery frame. Punch a hole the size desired. With fine stitches outline the hole, then use a buttonhole stitch or overcast so that the threads are close together. Long eyelets are made the same way except that a slit is cut.
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    [/SIZE]
     
  8. Yashikushi

    Yashikushi Moderator IL Hall of Fame

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    Re: Basic Embroidery Stiches......Instructions

    [​IMG]Herringbone Stitch-The stitch consists of single, alternating running stitches made first to the right and then to the left, working from you instead of toward you as in ordinary running. The thread being carried across from one stitch to another, gives the appearance of a cross stitch. The stitches on each side must be in straight rows, with the outer row just over the edge of the flannel. The stitch should be no deeper than necessary to prevent pulling out. A good rule for beginners is to make the top of each stitch even with the bottom of the last stitch. Point the needle toward you in making the stitch, but work away from you. The edge of the flannel must be kept smooth. This being a cross stitch the thread of one part of the stitch is on top and the other underneath. Be sure that this is regular, those slanting in the same direction should be always either to the top or to the bottom.


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    [​IMG]Star Filling Stitch-First work a cross stitch with the arms on the straight rather than the usual way. Then work a second cross stitch over the first, making the second in the usual way. Next work a small cross stitch over the first two, tying them down.

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    [​IMG]Trellis Stitch-First work long vertical stitches across the given area. Make sure they are evenly spaced. Then work long horizontal stitches over the first stitches. Tie stitches in place at each intersection with a half cross stitch or a full cross stitch. For an even more decorative effect try making a french knot or star filling stitch in the center of each square.

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    [​IMG]Rumanian Stitch-It is worked from the top down. Bring needle up on left guide line and make a satin stitch across the space. Then bring needle out just at the center and above the satin stitch. Now make a little slanting stitch over satin stitch, again bringing needle out on left guide line.

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    [​IMG]Laid Stitch-It looks like satin stitch and is used for a solid filling. Work a stitch from one guide line, bringing needle out the width of a stitch away. Return to starting edge and make another little stitch. When the entire area between guide lines has been filled, work over the same area filling in all the spaces between stitches.
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    Last edited: Jun 1, 2009
  9. Yashikushi

    Yashikushi Moderator IL Hall of Fame

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    Re: Basic Embroidery Stiches......Instructions

    [​IMG] Backstitch-Backstitch is done from right to left. Bring the thread up on the line and insert needle a little to the right. Now bring needle up again an equal distance ahead. Insert again at beginning of the last stitch.
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    [​IMG] Backstitch -Threaded-Work a row of backstitch. With a contrasting colour thread in a blunt needle, lace in and out of the back-stitches. Don't pull the stitches too tight.

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    [​IMG] Backstitch Double-Threaded-Work a row as in backstitch with a single-thread. Complete stitch by lacing back in opposite direction.

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    [​IMG] Couching Stitch-This stitch is used for lines and outlines and worked in close rows. It is worked with at least two threads used separately. Fasten one or more threads at right end of line; bring it up to the top . Hold them in place along line with left thumb. Hold them in place with tiny, evenly spaced stitches made with another thread. When a row is completed, take all threads behind and fasten.

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    [​IMG] Overcast Stitch-First make a row of holbein stitch along guide line. Next make tiny close stitches over holbein stitches, picking up as little fabric as possible.


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    Last edited: Jun 1, 2009
  10. Yashikushi

    Yashikushi Moderator IL Hall of Fame

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    Re: Basic Embroidery Stiches......Instructions

    [​IMG] Split Stitch-This stitch is used for lines and outlines. The method of wokin is similar to stem stitch. However, when bringing out the needle, cause it to split the thread right in the center.


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    [​IMG] Coral Stitch-It is done from right to left. Start at right end of line. Anchor thread with left thumb. Going under thread, make a little stitch across line. Bring needle out over lower curve of thread.

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    Last edited: Jun 1, 2009
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